Generally, the main reason to register a limited company is to reduce the financial responsibility of the people who own the business. This protection is known as ‘limited liability’. Private companies can be limited by shares or limited by guarantee.
The owners of a company limited by shares are only liable for the value of their shares. The owners of a company limited by guarantee are only liable for the value of their guarantees. Their personal finances and assets are protected beyond the limit of their liabilities. This is not the case for un-incorporated business structures. Sole traders, for example, are wholly liable for all business debts and liabilities because there is no legal or financial distinction between the individual person and the business.
Aside from the obvious benefits of personal financial protection, limited company formation creates a professional corporate image and allows business owners to manage their personal remuneration in a more tax-efficient manner. Furthermore, limited status gives the impression of an established and reliable business. As a result, incorporated businesses are more attractive to investors, lenders, clients and suppliers.
Registering as a limited company is, therefore, an effective and affordable way to further the potential of a fledgling or existing business, attract more favourable tax rates and appeal to a wider audience.